Originally posted by Dr. Davis on 2014-08-24
on the Wheat Belly Blog,
sourced from and currently found at: Infinite Health Blog.
PCM forum Index
of WB Blog articles.
The Big Mistake
Germs, and Steel on public television
Humans and agriculture share a 10,000-year history
of codependence. If it weren’t for the tools, technology, and food
availability permitted by the development of agriculture, human civilization
would surely look very different today. Agriculture brought an end to
nomadic hunter-gatherer life, increased crop yields and freed up time
previously spent on food procurement. This allowed humans to specialize
as teachers, metal workers, builders, and soldiers. Once crops were
cultivated, rather than just harvested wild, they too underwent changes
at the hands of humans and were propagated over large areas.
But agriculture did not come without a price, both
social and for health. Jared Diamond, PhD, author of the Pulitzer
Prize-winning book, Guns, Germs, and Steel, had this to say about agriculture:
“Hunter-gatherers practiced the most
successful and longest-lasting life style in human history. In contrast,
we’re still struggling with the mess into which agriculture has
tumbled us, and it’s unclear whether we can solve it. Suppose that
an archaeologist who had visited from outer space were trying to explain
human history to his fellow spacelings. He might illustrate the results
of his digs by a 24-hour clock on which one hour represents
100,000 years of real past time. If the history of the human race
began at midnight, then we would now be almost at the end of our first
day. We lived as hunter-gatherers for nearly the whole of that day, from
midnight through dawn, noon, and sunset. Finally, at 11:54 p.m. we
adopted agriculture. As our second midnight approaches, will the plight
of famine-stricken peasants gradually spread to engulf us all? Or will
we somehow achieve those seductive blessings that we imagine behind
agriculture’s glittering facade, and that have so far eluded us?”
(From Discover Magazine, 1987. The Worst Mistake
in the History of the Human Race at http://www.ditext.com/diamond/mistake.html.)
The photograph accompanying this blog post is a
still frame from Dr. Diamond’s public television production,
Guns, Germs, and Steel, showing a native New Guinean man’s
interpretation of uses for packaging and wheat, some of the perplexing
“cargo” encountered by stone-age people unaccustomed to
consuming the seeds of grasses.
In Dr. Diamond’s compressed clock timeline,
at 11:54 pm of our day on this planet we embraced the seeds of grasses
to get our agricultural efforts started, including einkorn wheat and
barley in the Fertile Crescent, teosinte and maize in central America,
millet and sorghum in sub-Saharan Africa, and rice in southeast Asia.
Resorting to the seeds of grasses for food in times of desperation
evolved over time to become staple: foods expected as part of the routine diet.
We’ve taken the “seeds of grass”
food paradigm to its absurd extreme today, thanks to the cheap, easy,
surplus calories afforded by modern agriculture with its herbicides,
pesticides, methods of genetically altering crop that yield vast fields
of monoculture crops, compounded by misguided advice to base the human
diet largely on “healthy whole grains.” The food of
desperation, sought only when real food was unavailable, added just a
moment in time ago, has now come to dominate the human diet.
Wheat and corn alone–both seeds of grasses–now provide 50%
of all human calories on all 7 continents. Yes, agriculture has the
potential to yield food surpluses and parallels the human experience for
the last 300 generations, but it also invited compromises in
nutrition that largely explain why we have the fattest, most diabetic
population with more psychiatric disease, skin conditions, gastrointestinal
struggles, and autoimmune diseases than any other species that has ever
walked the earth.
In my new book, Wheat Belly Total Health (to be released
Sept 16, 2014), I elaborate on this cataclysmic shift in how
and what we perceive as food and why, as Dr. Diamond puts it, we
can count it as among the worst mistakes ever made by humans.
Understanding the full implications of this mistake sets you on a new
course in truly understanding nutrition, weight, and health in ways
that you never imagined. More to come . . .